In honor of Father’s day, Anthem Blue Cross Blue Shield and Radio One Cincinnati would like to remind everyone to get the men in their life tested for Prostate Cancer.
On Saturday, June 16th from 12p-3p there will be a free Prostate Screening event at River Downs – 6301 Kellogg Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45230.
Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Prostate Cancer
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer, other than skin cancer, diagnosed among men in New York State. This type of cancer occurs when cells in the prostate gland grow out of control. Most of the time, prostate cancer grows very slowly. The prostate is the male sex gland that surrounds the urethra and is about the size of a walnut. View this link to learn more about the prostate – where it is and how it functions.
What causes prostate cancer?
At this time, scientists do not know exactly what causes prostate cancer. However, there are certain factors that increase a man’s chance of getting prostate cancer. These include:
- Age: As men get older, their chance of getting prostate cancer increases.
- Race: Prostate cancer is more common in African American men than in white men. In New York State, African American men are one and a half times more likely to get prostate cancer and almost two times as likely to die from the disease as white men.
- Family History: A man with a father, brother, or son who has had prostate cancer is two to three times more likely to get prostate cancer than one who does not have a close family member with the disease.
- High Fat Foods: Some studies suggest a diet high in animal fat or meat may increase a man’s risk for prostate cancer.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
There may be no symptoms. Some men may have one or more of the following symptoms if they have prostate cancer:
- A need to urinate frequently, especially at night.
- Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine.
- Weak or interrupted urine flow.
- Painful or burning urination.
- Difficulty having an erection.
- Painful ejaculation.
- Blood in urine or semen.
- Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips or upper thighs.
However, these symptoms may also relate to other health problems. Men should talk with their health care provider if they have or have had any of these symptoms.
How common is prostate cancer?
Approximately one in every six men will develop prostate cancer sometime during his lifetime. The majority of prostate cancer cases are diagnosed in men over 65 years of age. In New York State, more than 13,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer and more than 1,700 men die from prostate cancer each year. Among the leading causes of death in men over the age of 45, prostate cancer is fifth after heart disease, lung cancer, stroke and emphysema.
Can prostate cancer be prevented?
The exact cause of prostate cancer is not known. However, eating a healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in animal fat, not smoking, and seeing your doctor regularly can improve your overall health.
Should I get screened for prostate cancer?
Some medical experts recommend prostate cancer screening to all men over the age of 50, or to younger men who are at higher risk for prostate cancer. However, at the present time there is not enough scientific evidence that the benefits of prostate cancer screening outweigh the risks of screening. Medical experts agree that men should know the risks and benefits before they are screened. For that reason, men should talk to their health care provider about whether or not prostate cancer screening is right for them.
The following guides provide helpful information about talking to your health care provider about prostate cancer. For more information on deciding if prostate cancer screening is right for you, visit the CDC Website. For African American Men, visit this link. For Hispanic Men, visit this link, in Spanish.
Can prostate cancer be treated?
There are many options for treating prostate cancer. Men should talk with their health care provider to decide whether treatment is necessary and, if so, what treatment options are right for them. See this booklet for detailed information about prostate cancer treatment options: http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/repFiles/ProstateCancerConsumer.pdf.
Can I get treatment for prostate cancer if I don’t have insurance?
Coverage for prostate cancer treatment is available for eligible men through the New York State Medicaid Cancer Treatment Program. To see if you are eligible for prostate cancer treatment, visit: http://www.nyhealth.gov/diseases/cancer/treatment/mctp/.